Philosophy behind Pradosham by Maha Periyava

Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara – The philosophy and significance behind Pradosham has been succinctly explained by Sri Periyava.

Many Jaya Jaya Sankara to Shri S.Venkatesh for the share and Smt. Kala Sundar for the translation. Siva Siva


                                                Jagadguru Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswati Swamigal

Pradosha kaalam starts with sunset. This Pradosham time is suitable for worshipping Parameswara. That is, the time that Eswara makes His own, is very auspicious. The whole world comes to rest and mind should also rest in Eswara at this time. It is the end of the day and beginning of the evening; time for creation to end and rest in its own self.  Eswara  takes back all the energy  generated by Him at this time, like the power of Mantra which withdraws the arrow that was released from the bow. As Eswara absorbs everything into him, it is a time when there is no second thing except Eswara.  Creation happens at sunrise and dissolution at sunset. Onset of night is known as Pradosham time. That is why every night is known as time of dissolution.  Creation and dissolution goes on every day and night.  Birds and cows also rest at this time of Pradosham. Even children stop playing and stay at home.  Sun Rasmis disappear.

Even devils and evil spirits will rest at this time of evening. We rush and assemble at any place where there is music, or at the cinema theatre. Only at this Pradosham time,  Lord Parameswara dances in  ecstasy. This time is ideal for meditating in loneliness.  At this time of dissolution, Nataraja the Supreme one dances and everything is attracted by that.  Even the evil spirits which move freely get absorbed in that dance and they don’t disturb any one.   It happens like a magic. But the magician does not blindfold anyone but attracts us towards something else (His dance), and achieves what He wants. Meditating on Lord Hari at sunrise and meditating on Lord Siva at sunset is advisable. Pradosham time is ideal for chanting the name of Nataraja.

Temples are built to worship Shiva like this. Every house may not be a suitable place for worship.  Huge Shiva temples are built for this purpose. At the auspicious time of Pradosham, when Parameswara absorbs the whole energy of the world into Him, we should worship Him.

Categories: Deivathin Kural


6 replies

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  2. question…if pradosham happens everyday. why do we refer to trayodasi day as pradosham only. ?

    • Once, Devas and Asuras were churning the ocean to extract Amrit. King of snakes, Vasuki helped them to churn the ocean. Due to scratches on the body of Vasuki which was caused through churning, she emitted dangerous poison. Frightened by the appearance, devas and demons visited Lord Shiva for the help. To save the world from the poison, Lord Shiva swallowed it. He took the poison inside; Goddess Parvati choked his throat to stop the poison to get inflected in the body due to which his throat turned blue. After this, he got the name Neelkantha. As per philosophy, it is said that on 13th Hindu lunar day i.e. Trayodashi, Devas and Asuras understood that by not worshiping Lord Shiva they have committed a blunder. After realization, they requested Shiva to grant them forgiveness. Lord Shiva forgave them and then danced between Nandi’s (celestial bull) horns. It is this time which is known as Pradosham. Worshiping Lord Shiva during this time, i.e. Pradosh Kaal results in the fulfilment of wishes, desires and wants.

      Hope this would have cleared your doubt.

      Further, when Pradosham day falls on Monday it is called Soma Pradosham, on Tuesday it is called Bhauma Pradosham and on Saturday it is called as Shani Pradosham.

      Soma Pradosham : This pradosha can eliminate disease, rivals and can destroy the negative energies around. Therefore, it is considered auspicious.

      Bhauma Pradosham : This provides financial assistance to the devotees.

      Shani Pradosham : This is observed by the couples for the harmonious and compatible life.

      Jaya Jaya Shankara……. Hara Hara Shankara….

  3. Mahesh…isn’t it often misinterpreted when we say Destruction in place of ‘Dissolution”. Eswara doesn’t destroy but dissolves everything into him. Hence we call Layakaraka. Laya means disslove, for the lack of true translation meaning.

    The last line “Parameswara absorbs the whole energy of the world into Him” clearly convey the same.

    Can you update the article with “dissolution” instead of referring to as”destruction”.

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