General Dharmas are Common to All
What is the great hindrance in getting focused while meditating? ‘The mind’ which all the time swings with no pause. The mind is the cause for all the troubles. The ‘Desire’ caused and sparked by the mind is responsible for all the troubles. It doesn’t seem possible to hold back our mind and tell it that, ‘Do Not Desire’.
When we instruct our mind to think about a particular thing, it does so for a few seconds and immediately it gets diverted, swings towards some other things. “When I use words such as ‘Meditation’, ‘Peace’ in my discourse, for a moment, you feel your mind is controlled and feel blissful. However the next moment the mind runs off somewhere and the peace is lost”.
When we instruct our tongue not to speak and close our mouth, at least it stops chattering to some extent. Similarly, when we instruct our eyes not to see and close the eyes, to some extent, they stop seeing. But when we instruct our mind in so many ways, ‘not to think’, it doesn’t listen. If we instruct the mind ‘to think’, it should think and if we instruct ‘not to think’ it shouldn’t think. Only then our mind is supposed to be under our control. This stage implies that we have absolute control over our mind.
We say that some people don’t have the control over their mind and we call them insane/mad. In-fact none of us have control over our mind. A mad chap keeps chattering like a chatter box without controlling his tongue. Similarly we too don’t control our mind and give a lose hold to wherever it swings.
Do you know how we become when we attain Mind Control? How much ever pain we get, when the mind says, ‘Don’t consider this a pain’, then the mind doesn’t care or feel about the pain. When a tiger confronts and roars also and when the mind says, ‘Don’t fear’, then the mind doesn’t panic. Sometimes we cry without reason. But when we have mind control, even when the mind faces multiple sorrows that tend to cause cry, the mind will express smile and composure. Even if provoked to a great extent, the mind remains calm and composed without any agitation.
First and foremost, it is required to divert and hold the mind in good thoughts and deeds, without letting it swing meaninglessly. The way oil flows unidirectionally without taking diversions when we pour, in the similar way, mind has to get fixed in good things and should flow unilaterally without diversions. We need to train our mind to think and fix the focus on good things like/related to ‘Swami’. Thereafter the stage of ‘Thinking’ graduates to the next level wherein we feel we are getting merged into Swami and have now become Swami.
Controlling the Mind in this manner is called ‘Yoga’.
It is imperative to identify a way to control this mind before death. Otherwise it will undergo cycles of birth and death accompanied with constant swinging of mind. Therefore right in this birth only where we are left in the midst of lot of situations that cause desire and anger, we should make our best efforts to control our mind. The one who follows this and wins is called ‘Yukthan’/’Yogi’. He is called as ‘Huki’, a real enlightened soul’ says Lord Krishna.
‘Yogas are meant for Rishis, they are not our cup of tea’ saying so, we cannot give such excuses and leave this practice. Who needs medicine? The one who has ailment/disease. We have mental disease, mind related issues, and ailments. The disease is called as ‘Mind’. Hence we need to partake the appropriate medicine.
There are two methods of controlling the mind. One is Outward Sadhana and the other one is Internal Sadhana. The spiritual practice that we do outwardly is called as Outward (Pahiranga) Sadhana. The internal focused one is called as Internal (Antharanga) Sadhana. Both are required. In this context, the deeds of a driver or a cook indicate outward. And the one who puts wicks in the lamp, the one who gets flowers for the worship are inwardly during the worship. The presence of both the types are required to run a spiritual institution/Ashram. Similarly, with the help of both these practices, we need to focus our mind on good deeds and finally reach a stage where there are no thoughts.
Doing charity, Sandhya Vandanam, spiritual sacrifices, worship – all these outward Sadhana enable us to focus our mind towards the virtuous deeds. Meditation by itself is an internalized feeling and it is the highest form of Antharanga Sadhana. There are five internal sadhanas favourable and compatible to mediation. They are – Non-Violence (Ahimsa), Truth (Sathya), Non-Stealing (Astheyam), inner and outer cleanliness (Soucham) and control of senses (Indirya Nigraham). The hallmark of Non Violence is not to harm anyone or anything by our thoughts/words/deeds and filling the mind with unsullied love. Unity in thoughts, words, and deeds is Truth. Astheyam is Non-Stealing. That is not to have desire to acquire other’s things and developing the detachment for material things. Soucham means the process of cleansing like bathing, restraining oneself from impure activities, purity and cleanliness in the food, etc. Sense control is not letting the senses to take their own convenient path and conditioning them by supplying the just required amount of food/input that they require. ‘The Eyes should not see this’, ‘The Ears should not hear this’, ‘The Mouth should not eat this and not speak this’, The Body should not commit this sin’. Giving instructions like this is called Control of Senses (Indirya Nigraham). The human body is required only to do Sadhana. To have this body healthy and alive, to what extent food or any form of input is required, only that much has to be fed.
All the above five are ‘Samanya Dharmas’ (common karmic deeds). Manu Dharma says that all the people of various caste belonging to our religion are required to follow these deeds.
Categories: Deivathin Kural